Islam - did you know?

A Rayan Bank is a wholly Sharia compliant bank which welcomes people of all faiths. And, people of all faiths are joining us in increasing numbers; attracted not only by our competitive rates, but also by the ethical nature of our banking and our relatively low-risk approach.

For these people, here are a number of interesting facts about the Muslim faith.
The Islamic religion is based upon the five pillars: belief in the oneness of God, performing the obligatory prayers five times a day, fasting during the holy month of Ramadan, alms-giving, and pilgrimage to Mecca if you are physically and financially able.
In Islam, Muhammad is considered the last in a line of prophets who include Moses, Abraham and Jesus.
Sharia Law is the entire body of Islamic law. A common misconception is that the Quran and Sharia Law are one and the same but they are not. The Quran is the most important element of Sharia Law, but the law is composed of guidelines from other sources. Sharia Law is applicable only to Muslims and contains guidance on every aspect of life including eating and drinking, finances, marriage, divorce, death and inheritance, taxes, trade, crime and punishment.
The Islamic calendar is based on the phases of the moon, with it being approximately 11 days shorter than the 365 days of the year in the Georgian calendar. This is why the dates of the holy months and Islamic festivals, Eid -ul-Fitr and Eid-ul-Adha, move through the year.
According to Islam, everyone is equal in rights and obligations irrespective of their colour, gender or hierarchy. Their superiority is based only on piety.
Charity-giving is an important aspect of being a Muslim. All Muslims are annually required to donate a fixed portion of their wealth to those in need. This is called Zakat and its purpose is to purify the wealth held by individuals by re-distributing it to those in need.
During the holy month of Ramadan, Muslims will fast during daylight hours. This is a time for worship, contemplation and the strengthening of family and community ties
Islam has a very close relationship with the sciences. It is widely acknowledged that the Quran contains numerous precise details which were advanced for the state of knowledge that existed at the time that it was revealed. It mentions discoveries made by modern scientists relating to a variety of topics including nature and earth, conception and the universe.
The period from 650-1650 is known as the Golden Age of Islam during which time Islamic science and technology flourished and Muslim scientists made significant contribution to scientific discovery. For example Muslim scholars calculated the angle of the ecliptic; measured the size of the Earth; calculated the precession of the equinoxes; explained, in the field of optics and physics, such phenomena as refraction of light, gravity, capillary attraction, and twilight; and developed observatories for the empirical study of heavenly bodies. They made advances in the uses of drugs, herbs, and foods for medication; established hospitals with a system of interns and externs; discovered causes of certain diseases and developed correct diagnoses of them; proposed new concepts of hygiene; made use of anaesthetics in surgery with newly innovated surgical tools; and introduced the science of dissection in anatomy.
Islam, art and maths also enjoy a close relationship. Islamic art is based upon geometric systems that depend upon the regular division of the circle and it is often studied in order to better understand geometry.
It is believed that the use of geometry in Islamic arts and architecture is to create harmony, which is consistent with the Islamic belief that all creation is harmoniously interrelated.
In 2010 Muhammad was the UK’s most popular name for boys.